Viral & Bacterial Infections

Your Trusted Urgent Care In Newport Beach, CA
(949) 760-8300


At Newport Center Urgent Care, we offer treatment for viral and bacterial infections. Our facility also provides a range of additional services and is staffed by knowledgeable healthcare professionals.

Viral and bacterial infections are both types of illnesses caused by microorganisms. These microorganisms are invisible to the naked eye, and can spread from person to person through various means, including through the air, contact with contaminated surfaces, and contact with bodily fluids. While some viral and bacterial infections can be mild and self-limiting, others can be serious and require medical attention.
Because viral and bacterial infections can present with similar symptoms, it is important to receive a proper diagnosis from a healthcare provider in order to determine the appropriate course of treatment. In some cases, diagnostic tests may be necessary to differentiate between viral and bacterial infections.

Common Types of Viral Infections:

There are many different types of viral infections, ranging from the common cold to more serious illnesses like influenza and COVID-19
Other examples of viral infections include:

Symptoms of Viral Infections:

Symptoms of viral infections can vary depending on the type of infection, but may include:
Sore throat
Body aches
Respiratory symptoms
In some cases, viral infections can also cause skin rashes or gastrointestinal symptoms like nausea and diarrhea.

Diagnosis and Treatment Options for Viral Infections:

Many viral infections will resolve on their own with rest and supportive care. However, in some cases, antiviral medications may be prescribed to help shorten the duration or severity of the illness. Your healthcare provider may also recommend over-the-counter medications to help alleviate symptoms like fever, cough, and congestion.

Diagnosis and Treatment Options for Bacterial Infections:

Treatment for bacterial infections often involves antibiotics, which are medications that target and kill bacteria. It is important to follow your healthcare provider's instructions regarding antibiotic use, as overuse or misuse of antibiotics can contribute to antibiotic resistance.

Differences Between Viral and Bacterial Infections

While viral and bacterial infections can present with similar symptoms, there are some key differences that can help healthcare providers determine the appropriate diagnosis and treatment. 


viral infections are typically associated with respiratory symptoms like cough and congestion


bacterial infections may be accompanied by localized symptoms like pain and redness.

Prevention of Viral and Bacterial Infections

Steps Individuals Can Take to Prevent Viral and Bacterial Infections:
There are many steps individuals can take to reduce their risk of contracting viral and bacterial infections, including washing hands frequently, avoiding close contact with sick individuals, practicing good respiratory hygiene (like covering coughs and sneezes), and staying up-to-date on recommended vaccinations.

Importance of Vaccination and Hygiene Practices:

Vaccination is one of the most effective ways to prevent viral and bacterial infections, as it can help protect individuals and communities from diseases like influenza, measles, and pneumococcal disease. Additionally, practicing good hygiene habits can help prevent the spread of germs and infections.

When to Seek Medical Attention

Signs that a Viral or Bacterial Infection May Require Medical Attention:
While many viral and bacterial infections can be managed with rest and supportive care, there are some signs that indicate the need for medical attention. These may include high fever, severe pain, difficulty breathing, confusion, or signs of dehydration.

In some cases, viral and bacterial infections can lead to serious complications, particularly in individuals with weakened immune systems or underlying health conditions. It is important to seek prompt medical attention if you are experiencing symptoms that suggest a serious infection, as early diagnosis and treatment can improve outcomes.

Viral and bacterial infections are common illnesses that can cause a range of symptoms, from mild to severe. While some infections may resolve on their own with rest and supportive care, others may require medical intervention. By practicing good hygiene habits, staying up-to-date on vaccinations, and seeking prompt medical attention when necessary, individuals can help protect themselves and their communities from the spread of viral and bacterial infections.
Find out answers to the most commonly asked urgent care questions to help you and your family get the best possible medical care in southern CA.

How do you know if your infection is viral or bacterial?

Viral infections are caused by viruses, while bacterial infections are caused by bacteria.

How do you test for a viral infection?

You can test for a viral infection a number of ways:

1. by needle through a blood sample, (typically taken in the arm)
2. a sample of nasal washings, urine, or stool
3. a sample of tissue may be taken directly from the infection

How do you test for a bacterial infection?

You test for a bacterial infection by having a provider take a bacteria culture test. Samples can be obtained from your mucus, spinal fluid, urine, stool, or blood

Can you get both a viral and bacterial infection together?

You can sometimes get a viral and bacterial infection at the same time, because illnesses often have a way of clumping together. For example, if you are suffering from the flu, (which is a viral infection), this can bring on a bacterial infection in the lungs.

How can you help prevent getting a viral or bacterial infection?

You can help prevent getting a viral or bacterial infection by doing the following things:

-Practice good hygiene, and wash your hands often with soap and water -Avoid touching your face -Always cover your sneezes and coughs -Disinfect areas around you that are touched often -Avoid being in close contact with people who are sick -Stay home if you are not feeling well

What are the ways to treat both a viral and bacterial infection?

You can treat viral infections by plenty of fluids and rest. Some viral infections may be treated with antiviral medicine. For bacterial infections, you can often treat them with antibiotics. Be sure to take the full prescribed dose, (as failure to do so increases the chances of the infection returning).
Other SErvices
From sports injuries to pediatric care, Newport Center Urgent Care has you covered. At NCUC, we provide many other healthcare services, such as breathing treatments for the Orange County area of California.